Zoom JWT Token Creation - Automate the Process

Hi,

In the initial stages I have been creating JWT Token manually, which expires in a week. After our testing now I would like to automate the JWT Token creation process using a Http Rest call. I don’t see any documentation on how to automate the JWT Token creation process. Any pointers or link towards this topic will be helpful.

Thank You for your time.

Hi @gsura, reference our documentation on JWT Authorization. We recommend using one of JWT.io’s recommend libraries to generate these tokens upon each request.

In python, I use the pyjwt library to generate a unique token each time a request is made. This token is sent as a Bearer Token in an authorization header of the request. I store the API Key & Secret in a secrets.py file. For example:

import jwt
import requests
import secrets
import json
from time import time

# create a function to generate a token using the pyjwt library
def generateToken():
    token = jwt.encode(
        # Create a payload of the token containing API Key & expiration time
        {"iss": API_KEY, "exp": time() + 5000},
        # Secret used to generate token signature
        API_SECRET,
        # Specify the hashing alg
        algorithm='HS256'
        # Convert token to utf-8
    ).decode('utf-8')

    return token


# send a request with headers including a token
def getUsers(): 
    headers = {'authorization': 'Bearer %s' % generateToken(),
               'content-type': 'application/json'}

    r = requests.get('https://api.zoom.us/v2/users/', headers=headers)

    print(r.text)

In Node.js, you can use the jsonwebtoken package to create these tokens in similar ways. I use dotenv to store the API Key & Secret.

require("dotenv").config();
const jwt = require("jsonwebtoken");
const fetch = require("node-fetch");

const generateToken = () => {
  // create a payload with the issuer and expiration time
  const payload = {
    iss: process.env.API_KEY,
    exp: new Date().getTime() + 5000,
  };

  // sign the token using your API Secret
  const token = jwt.sign(payload, process.env.API_SECRET);
  return token;
};


const getUsers = async () => {
  // send a request with a token in the authorization header
  let url = "https://api.zoom.us/v2/users";
  let headers = { headers: { Authorization: `Bearer ${getToken()}` } };

  try {
    const response = await fetch(url, headers);
    return json = await response.json();
  } catch (error) {
    console.log(error);
  }
};

Let us know if there’s any guidance we can give!

Hi @michael.harrington,

can you please share java simple for above JWT Token creation?

Hey @rahul.shinde,

You can see Java examples and libraries for JWT creation here: jwt.io

Thanks,
Tommy

Thank You Tommy and Michael for your inputs. I do see the JWT creation using php, Java etc.

I do not see any example or syntax using Curl or Http Call etc. Any pointers on this will be helpful.

  • Also do i need to use a JWT token to create another JWT token automatically ?

Thank You for your time and inputs.

-Cheers
Gautham

Thanks, @tommy. we are working on this. but I have one issue regarding JWT token generating using java.

Do you have any idea regarding this?

Java Code
import io.jsonwebtoken.JwtBuilder;
import io.jsonwebtoken.Jwts;
import io.jsonwebtoken.SignatureAlgorithm;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.UUID;
 
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	public String createJWTToken() {
		String id = UUID.randomUUID().toString().replace("-", "");
		//The JWT signature algorithm we will be using to sign the token
	    final SignatureAlgorithm signatureAlgorithm = SignatureAlgorithm.HS256;
	    long nowMillis = System.currentTimeMillis();
	    Date now = new Date(nowMillis);
	     //We will sign our JWT with our ApiKey secret
	   //Let's set the JWT Claims
	    JwtBuilder builder = null;
		try {
			builder = Jwts.builder().setId(id).setHeaderParam("typ", "JWT")
			                            .setIssuedAt(now)
			                            .setSubject("")
			                            .setIssuer(API_KEY)
			                            .signWith(signatureAlgorithm, SECRET_KEY.getBytes("UTF-8"));
		    //if it has been specified, let's add the expiration
		    if (ttlMillis >= 0) {
		    long expMillis = nowMillis + ttlMillis;
		        Date exp = new Date(expMillis);
		        builder.setExpiration(exp);
		    }
		   
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return builder.compact();//Builds the JWT and serializes it to a compact, URL-safe string
	}

Below is the exception for JWT token creation

javax.servlet.ServletException: Servlet execution threw an exception    
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:328)    

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)    

at com.test.lms.servlets.GlobalFilter.doFilter(GlobalFilter.java:204)   

at com.test.lms.servlets.GlobalFilter.doFilter(GlobalFilter.java:48)    

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243)    

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)    at com.general.FilterDemo.doFilter(FilterDemo.java:312)     

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243)    

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)    

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:224)  

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:169)  

at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472)   

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:168)    

at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:98)     

at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:927)    


at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118)    

at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:407)  

at org.apache.coyote.ajp.AjpProcessor.process(AjpProcessor.java:200)    

at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:579)     

at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:307)    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source)    

at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source)  

at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: io/jsonwebtoken/Jwts     

at com.zoom.JWTTokenGeneration.createJWTToken(JWTTokenGeneration.java:31)   

at com.zoom.Utilities.setMeeting(Utilities.java:571)    

at com.general.InsertController.doPost(InsertController.java:377)   

at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:641)     

at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)     

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305)    ... 22 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: io.jsonwebtoken.Jwts   

at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1701) 

at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1546)  ... 28 more

@tommy : The jar present on a different path on my machine and now jar is placed in classes/lib folder. works perfectly. Once again thanks for the help :slight_smile:

Hi @gsura I don’t know a method to generate these tokens natively in cURL. I would use one of these libraries to generate the tokens which can be accessed by a cURL request.